The rapid adoption of new information technologies in the workplace, in terms of infrastructure, applications and smart devices, allows for new types of systematic and potentially invasive data processing at work. For example (WP29 Opinion 2/2017, p. 3-4) : technologies enabling data processing at work can now be implemented at a fraction of the costs […]
Under Regulation (EC) 2016/679 [the GDPR], it is mandatory for certain controllers and processors to designate a DPO. The DPO is the cornerstone of the system of accountability established by the GDPR (p. 4 of the ART29WP Guidelines). Legal Framework The relevant provisions for DPOs are set out in the following legal texts: Recital 97 […]
Directive 95/46/EC provided for a general obligation to notify the processing of personal data to the supervisory authorities. While that obligation produces administrative and financial burdens, it did not in all cases contribute to improving the protection of personal data. Such indiscriminate general notification obligations are therefore abolished by Regulation 2016/679/EC and replaced by effective […]
Virtual currencies are the outcome of multiple technological advancements, especially in computer science (P2P networking), cryptography (cryptographic hash functions, digital signatures) and economics (game theory). They can be defined as digital tokens of value, which are transacted within schemes of exchange based on blockchain ledger technologies. Services related to virtual currencies have gradually developed into […]
The reproduction of works protected by copyright for private use is permitted under the law without the need for the acquisition of the author’s permission (Article 5 § 2b of Directive 2001/29 / EC, Article 18 § 1 N. 2121/1993). In exchange for recognizing the freedom of users for the private use of protected works […]
In its Digital Agenda for Europe the European Union has set roaming as a “key performance target” for attaining the digital single market. The Commission aims to meet this target through the reduction of the difference between roaming and national tariffs to zero by 2015. Nevertheless, the 2002 regulatory framework for electronic communications has not […]
Greece is a member state of the Council of Europe, having therefore implemented the CoE 1981 Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data into Greek law (see Act no. 2068/1992). According to article 9 of the Greek Constitution the privacy and family life are recognised as inviolable rights. […]
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